Diy basement floor ideas
Related:Evaluate Your Home for Basement Finishing
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Related:Evaluate Your Home for Basement Finishing
Resilient vinyl flooring is durable, moisture-proof, and maintenance-free. Sheet vinyl comes in foot-wide rolls that virtually eliminate seams. Self-sticking vinyl tiles are ideal for do-it-yourself installations.
There are an huge variety of colors and styles from which to select. In general, thicker vinyl translates to higher quality and cost.
Thicker vinyl can feature a textured surface, and some types own the appearance of genuine rock and wood.
Vinyl installs easily over a concrete slab, but it’s critical to make certain the surface is smooth, as imperfections are certain to show through and possibly damage the flooring. A thicker (and more expensive) grade of vinyl flooring may assist hide slight bumps in the concrete.
Sheet vinyl and vinyl tile can cost $1 to $5 persq. ft. Figure another $1 to $2 persq. ft.
for professional installation, depending on the complexity of the basement configuration.
Until the advent of engineered hardwood flooring, few builders or remodelers would recommend or risk installing a hardwood floor over a below-grade concrete surface. Because solid wood changes dimensions with fluctuations in temperature and humidity, the chances of warping and cracking were too grand. In addition, there were few dependable options for installing wood flooring without traditional nails or screws.
Engineered wood floors, however, provide a more stable substrate for the planks while delivering the glance and feel of a solid wood floor.
They feature a thin veneer layer of solid wood that is laminated toplywoodbacking.
Plywood is more dimensionally stable than solid wood, allowing the planks to withstand temperature and moisture fluctuations without warping.
Engineered hardwood planks are installed one of two ways. Some varieties are designed to be glued to the basement floor using an industrial adhesive. Others are “floated” over a layer of thin foam sheeting; the planks are held in put by a system of interlocking ends and edges.
Engineered wood planks are priced from $2 to $20 persq. ft. Their factory-finished veneer is virtually maintenance-free. Installation is about $4 to $5 persq.
ft., regardless of whether the planks are glued below or floated.
Moisture and Humidity
Because the floor of your basement is under grade and the lowest surface within your home, it requires special considerations before flooring can be installed.
If your basement has ever been susceptible to water infiltration and flooding, those problems must be remedied before flooring is installed.Sealing your basementfrom water and moisture infiltration can cost from several hundred dollars to a few thousand dollars or more.
Humidity and condensation are other concerns. Because moist, humid air is heavy, it tends to sink to the lowest part of your house—your basement.
There, warm, humid air can come in contact with relatively cool surfaces, such as a concrete slab floor, and condense. Keeping condensation in check during warm, humid months helps ensure that flooring remains stable and free from mold and mildew growth.
Most likely, your existing heating and cooling system is equipped with a dehumidifier that maintains relative humidity (RH) levels between 30% and 60%, which the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and building codes recommend for a healthy indoor environment.
A portable, plug-in unit for single-room use costs about $ and includes a monitor to regulate the RH level.
According to the NAHB Research Center’s annual survey of builder practices, more than 28% of basement floors in newly built homes are finished with carpeting. “Most of our clients desire carpet in the basement,” saysSherrilleSabo, operations manager for COS Construction in Edwardsville, Ohio, a construction company that remodels abouta half-dozen basementsper year into finished living spaces.
“It’s warmer and adds a level of soundproofing.”
Low-pile carpets such as Berber or other looped varieties show less wear than cut-looped or shag-like carpeting and are less expensive; every or partial nylon blends also are more durable and less costly than all-natural options.
Wall-to-wall carpeting is among the least expensive and easiest to install options for basement flooring. A mid-range nylon Berber carpet costs about $1 to $3 persq.
ft. With glued-down perimeter tack strips and a standard pad, plus professional labor, the cost to purchase and install a new carpet is about $1, to $2, for a sq. ft. basement.
If you’ve addressed any moisture issues in the basement but are still concerned about dampness or the chances that liquid spills or pet accidents may happen, consider a pad that is made to block moisture from either seeping up into the carpet or seeping below through the pad to the concrete floor. Moisture-resistant pads are about 70% more expensive than standard pads.
They may reduce cleanup chores, but they will not solve chronic moisture problems.
Also, consider carpet tiles. Nylon pile inch squares come in a variety of colors and styles and cost $2 to $4 persq. ft. Most are made with integral pads and self-adhesive backings for simple, do-it-yourself installation.
Ceramic tile installs readily over a concrete slab and the numerous styles and colors available make it a excellent designer’s choice. Properly installed and maintained ceramic tiles should final as endless as your house.
In some below-grade applications, condensation may happen on the surface of ceramic tiles, making them slippery.
If ceramic tile is your primary choice for your basement but condensation is a concern, consider glazed ceramic floor tiles with an anti-slip finish. Glance for tiles that meet slip-resistance standards specified by the Americans with Disabilities Act.
Costs for ceramic tile varies widely, depending on size, shape, and pattern. A standard domestic 12xinch ceramic tile might cost 80 cents per tile at home improvement middle, while a highly decorative tile from Mexico or a porcelain rock tile from Italy can cost $10 per tile or far more.
Professional installation adds $5 to $10 persq. ft.
Level Floor Surfaces
It’s also critical to examine your existing concrete basement floor and make adjustments for any noticeable slopes or flaws that might damage the new floor finish or affect its aesthetic appeal.
Patch or fill minor cracks and flawswith an elastomeric sealant made especially for concrete. A ounce tube runs from about $4 to $10 at home improvement centers.
Use a 3-foot or longer bubble level to see if any sections of the floor slope more than a half-inch in 8 feet. Fill in low spots with a self-leveling compound, available at home improvement centers for about $30 for a pound bag.
For about $60 to $80 per day, rent a concrete sander to reduce high spots.
Tilebackerboard, made from cement or fiber-reinforced gypsum, can be used as a subfloor over your basement slab to create a smooth, level surface. Backerboard can be glued below or held in put with concrete nails.
Backerboard costs about $11 for a 4×5-foot sheet. Allowing for waste, expect to pay about $ for enoughbackerboardto cover the floor of a sq. ft. basement.
Once you own satisfied every potential moisture-related issues and created a smooth, level surface, you’ll own numerous flooring choices for your basement retreat.