Diy wood coffee table ideas
The expression table is derived from Ancient Englishtabele, derived from the Latin expression tabula («a board, plank, flat top piece»), which replaced OE bord; its current spelling reflects the influence of the Frenchtable.
Now, Here's How to Refinish a Table
1. Understand what you're working with. Furniture designer Andrew Hamm cautions you to “pay attention to the level of detail on the piece before you start.
Superornamental furniture is going to be tedious, so if you've never refinished anything, stay away from pieces with too numerous hand-carved details, scrollwork, or tight corners.” Solid wood is a better candidate for refinishing than veneer, which tends to be thinner. (And for that matter, don't attempt to refinish laminate either—it’s plastic, people.) If you’re not certain what helpful of wood surface you're working with, Hamm recommends looking at the grain pattern: “If it repeats across the width of the grain, it's veneer, because it's been rotary-sliced off a single log to make a sheet.”
Clean, clean, clean. The biggest error first-timers make with refinishing is not spending enough time prepping the surface.
Before you even get to stripping the current finish, thoroughly clean off any dirt, oil, or grease (otherwise, you’ll just be grinding every of that into the wood as you sand). Use your normal cleaning supplies here, love all-purpose cleaner.
3. Strip the first finish. Starting with your roughest sandpaper (grit), sand following the grain to get rid of what’s on the table now: varnish, ancient paint, whatever.
You get bonus points for doing this every by hand, certain, but a mechanical sander will make the occupation go, ahem, much smoother. Now wipe below your table with a tack cloth so it’s free of dust, then go at the surface again, this time with your grit.
4. Apply your color or stain—or better yet, no color at all. “Once I strip everything off raw wood, I’ll go straight for an oil,” Andrew says. “Furniture oils sink in and protect wood beyond the surface, can be reapplied in the future, and bring out wealthy colors in the wood without shine.” Attempt teak oil for denser woods, or tung or Danish oil for all-purpose finishing.
If you don’t love the natural color of the wood, discover a stain you love, but don’t attempt to replicate the color of what the piece used to be—and if there's a single damaged section, you'll desire to refinish the whole table versus attempting to spot-refinish: “No stain will match the way your grandmother’s walnut table aged in the sun of her dining room for 60 years,” says Andrew. If you’re staining, wipe everything below, do one jacket, let it dry, and then do a pass with your finest sandpaper (grit) and wipe away any dust.
Apply another jacket, and another if you see fit—it every depends on the depth of color you’re looking for. (If you’re priming and painting, sand the primer jacket as soon as that’s fully dry, and then proceed with painting. But Andrew warns that paint isn’t as durable as an oil, especially for a high-traffic piece of furniture love a dining table.)
5. Finish. If you go the oil route, you were done a step ago. Own a beer! Stainers and painters: Andrew recommends a clear jacket to assist with longevity—look for polyurethane or polycrylic, both of which require two coats.
Sand between coats with your fine-grit paper.
A table is an item of furniture with a flat top and one or more legs, used as a surface for working at, eating from or on which to put things. Some common types of table are the dining room table, which is used for seated persons to eat meals; the coffee table, which is a low table used in living rooms to display items or serve refreshments; and the bedside table, which is used to put an alarm clock and a lamp. There are also a range of specialized types of tables, such as drafting tables, used for doing architectural drawings, and sewing tables.
Common design elements include:
- heights ranging up and below from the most common 18–30 inches (46–76cm) range, often reflecting the height of chairs or bar stools used as seating for people making use of a table, as for eating or performing various manipulations of objects resting on a table
- legs arranged in two or more similar pairs. It generally has four legs. However, some tables own three legs, use a single heavy pedestal, or are attached to a wall.
- top surfaces of various shapes, including rectangular, square, rounded, semi-circular or oval
- presence or absence of drawers, shelves or other areas for storing items
- a huge range of sizes, from little bedside tables to large dining room tables and huge conference room tables
- several geometries of folding table that can be collapsed into a smaller volume (e.g., a TV tray, which is a portable, folding table on a stand)
- expansion of the table surface by insertion of leaves or locking hinged drop leaf sections into a horizontal position (this is particularly common for dining tables)
Tables of various shapes, heights, and sizes are designed for specific uses:
- Refectory tables are endless tables designed to seat numerous people for meals.
- Bedside tables, nightstands, or night tables are little tables used in a bedroom.
They are often used for convenient placement of a little lamp, alarm clock, glasses, or other personal items.
- Dining room tables are designed to be used for formal dining.
- Drafting tables generally own a top that can be tilted for making a large or technical drawing. They may also own a ruler or similar element integrated.
- Coffee tables are low tables designed for use in a living room, in front of a sofa, for convenient placement of drinks, books, or other personal items.
- Gateleg tables own one or two hinged leaves supported by hinged legs.
- Workbenches are sturdy tables, often elevated for use with a high stool or while standing, which are used for assembly, repairs, or other precision handwork.
- Nested tables are a set of little tables of graduated size that can be stacked together, each fitting within the one immediately larger.
They are for occasional use (such as a tea party), hence the stackable design.
Shape, height, and function
Tables come in a wide variety of materials, shapes, and heights dependent upon their origin, style, intended use and cost. Numerous tables are made of wood or wood-based products; some are made of other materials including metal and glass. Most tables are composed of a flat surface and one or more supports (legs).
A table with a single, central foot is a pedestal table. Endless tables often own additional legs for support.
Table tops can be in virtually any shape, although rectangular, square, circular (e.g. the circular table), and oval tops are the most frequent. Others own higher surfaces for personal use while either standing or sitting on a tall stool.
Many tables own tops that can be adjusted to change their height, position, shape, or size, either with foldable, sliding or extensions parts that can alter the shape of the top.
Some tables are entirely foldable for simple transportation, e.g. camping or storage, e.g., TV trays. Little tables in trains and aircraft may be fixed or foldable, although they are sometimes considered as simply convenient shelves rather than tables.
Tables can be freestanding or designed for placement against a wall. Tables designed to be placed against a wall are known as Pier tables or console tables (French: console, «support bracket») and may be bracket-mounted (traditionally), love a shelf, or own legs, which sometimes imitate the glance of a bracket-mounted table.
First, Store for a Few Supplies
All-purpose cleaning spray and a cloth or paper towels
Coarse sandpaper (, , and grit)
A block or mechanical sander
A clean, dry tack cloth
Stain (or primer and paint)
Some extremely early tables were made and used by the Egyptians, and were little more than rock platforms used to hold objects off the floor. They were not used for seating people. Food and drinks were generally put on large plates deposed on a pedestal for eating.
The Egyptians made use of various little tables and elevated playing boards. The Chinese also created extremely early tables in order to pursue the arts of writing and painting.
The Greeks and Romans made more frequent use of tables, notably for eating, although Greek tables were pushed under a bed after use. The Greeks invented a piece of furniture extremely similar to the guéridon. Tables were made of marble or wood and metal (typically bronze or silveralloys), sometimes with richly ornate legs. Later, the larger rectangular tables were made of separate platforms and pillars.
The Romans also introduced a large, semicircular table to Italy, the mensa lunata.
Furniture during the Middle Ages is not as well known as that of earlier or later periods, and most sources show the types used by the nobility. In the Eastern Roman Empire, tables were made of metal or wood, generally with four feet and frequently linked by x-shaped stretchers. Tables for eating were large and often circular or semicircular. A combination of a little circular table and a lectern seemed extremely favorite as a writing table. In western Europe, the invasions and internecine wars caused most of the knowledge inherited from the classical era to be lost.
As a result of the necessary movability, most tables were simple trestle tables, although little circular tables made from joinery reappeared during the 15th century and onward. In the Gothic era, the chest became widespread and was often used as a table.
Refectory tables first appeared at least as early as the 17th century, as an advancement of the trestle table; these tables were typically fairly endless and wide and capable of supporting a sizeable banquet in the grand hall or other reception room of a castle.
Historically, various types of tables own been favorite for other uses:
- End tables are little tables typically placed beside couches or armchairs.
Often lamps will be placed on an finish table.
- Pembroke tableswere first introduced during the 18th century and were favorite throughout the 19th century.
Their main characteristic was a rectangular or oval top with folding or drop leaves on each side. Most examples own one or more drawers and four legs sometimes connected by stretchers. Their design meant they could easily be stored or moved about and conveniently opened for serving tea, dining, writing, or other occasional uses.
- Sofa tables are similar to Pembroke tables and generally own longer and narrower tops. They were specifically designed for placement directly in front of sofas for serving tea, writing, dining, or other convenient uses.
Generally speaking, a sofa table is a tall, narrow table used behind a sofa to hold lamps or decorative objects.
- Chess tables are a type of games table that integrates a chessboard.
- Drum tables are circular tables introduced for writing, with drawers around the platform.
- Work tables were little tables designed to hold sewing materials and implements, providing a convenient work put for women who sewed. They appeared during the 18th century and were favorite throughout the 19th century. Most examples own rectangular tops, sometimes with folding leaves, and generally one or more drawers fitted with partitions.
Early examples typically own four legs, often standing on casters, while later examples sometimes own turned columns or other forms of support.
- Table tennis tables are generally masonite or a similar wood, layered with a smooth low-friction coating. they are divided into two halves by a low net, which separates opposing players.
- Billiards tables are bounded tables on which billiards-type games are played. Every provide a flat surface, generally composed of slate and covered with cloth, elevated above the ground.
- Loo tables were extremely favorite in the 18th and 19th centuries as candlestands, tea tables, or little dining tables, although they were originally made for the favorite card game called loo or lanterloo.
Their typically circular or oval tops own a tilting mechanism, which enables them to be stored out of the way (e.g. in room corners) when not in use. A further development in this direction was the «birdcage» table, the top of which could both revolve and tilt.
- Poker tables or card tables are used to frolic poker or other card games.